Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace Web Site February 1, 2005
Regular update to interested people about current additions to the Canadian Centres for Teaching Peace web site:
Upcoming Events http://www.peace.ca/upcoming.htm :
February 7-9, 2005 - Nonviolent Peaceforce Canada and St. Paul University Conflict Studies program invite you to consider a Civilian Peace Service for Canada – a standing peace army. 8:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. St. Paul University Auditorium, 223 Main Street, Ottawa, ON. Guest Speakers include: Helga Tempel from Germany and Tim Wallis from the UK, both instrumental in setting up a civilian peace service in Europe and David Grant from Washington DC with the Nonviolent Peaceforce. Please respond by January 28 to Nonviolent Peaceforce Canada if you are able to attend at: firstname.lastname@example.org. For more information: www.npcanada.org , www.nonviolentpeaceforce.org; Phone: 235-2725
March 28 - April 1, 2005 - The International Education for Peace Institute in collaboration with Education for Peace Balkans Institute present two workshops on the following topics: “Culture of Healing” and “Leadership for Peace” in Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina. During the past five years, the faculty of the International Education for Peace Institute (EFP-International), in the course of the application of the Institute’s Education for Peace program within 108 primary and secondary schools, reaching some 100,000 students and their teachers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, have developed a unique and highly effective approach to addressing the serious effects of violence on whole populations. This approach aims at creating a Culture of Healing in and between the participating populations, that until recently have been engaged in a brutal war. Participants in this workshop will: Learn the dynamics of individual and collective processes of recovery from the impact of violence on populations; Acquire the necessary skills for creating a culture of healing; and Be assisted with developing models of cultures of healing appropriate to the specific needs of the communities in which they are rooted. The Leadership for Peace (LFP) program is an intensive training workshop designed to address the fundamental challenges to constructive leadership by equipping the participants and leaders with the necessary knowledge, insights, and skills required for effective, inspiring, and unifying leadership. This will enable leaders at every level in society to engage all members of their respective communities and agencies in the pursuit of excellence and in the creation of a vibrant, productive, and peaceful environment—free from destructive conflict, disuniting and self-interested behaviour, aggression, and violence. For more information, please visit www.efpinternational.org. You may also send an inquiry to email@example.com or call +1-604-639-7910.
April 2005 - CONFERENCE THEME: "African Youths and the challenges of peace and social stability in an emerging new Africa". The goal of the Conference: The Conference is aimed at bringing together youths from all over the world, especially in Africa, Community leaders, opinion leaders, educators, political leaders, traditional and religious institutions, leaders of NGOs, CBOs, FBOs and other stakeholders in Africa’s social development process to deliberate on issues of Peace and social stability on the African Continent as well as to proffer solutions which when accepted in good faith and translated into positive actions would become indices of authentic continental growth, lasting peace and sustainable development. The Conference shall also provide the platform for the maximum expression of youthful creativity and the harnessing of the rich potentials of African youths at home and abroad, for the promotion of positive changes towards sustainable peace and development in Africa. The Conference shall focus on crucial issues such as Peace, Religious tolerance, Education, HIV/AIDS, Conflict prevention and Resolution, the dignity of labour, crime and criminality, poverty, Women and Children and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). THE CONFERENCE ORGANIZERS: The Conference is a collaborative response to the inter- ethnic, inter-tribal, sectarian, political, inter-religious and poverty-driven killings that have characterized the African for a long time now. It is an initiative of the African Christian Youths Development Forum, in partnership with Teachers Without Borders-Nigeria, God_s Divine Foundation, African Centre for Leadership Development, Project Hope-Nigeria, Christian Leadership Network, Youths, Orphans and Women Development Initiatives and Life Excel International, for the promotion of Peace and social stability on the African continent through the deliberate commitment of African youths. KEY PRESENTATIONS: Key Presentations shall be made by eminent scholars from within and outside Africa on the following: 1. African traditional Religious Education for Peace in Africa. 2.Christian Religious Education for Peace in Africa 3.Islamic Religious Education for Peace in Africa 4.Inter-religious Dialogue for a Culture of Peace in Africa 5.Poverty eradication: An antidote to crisis on the African Continent. 6.The significance of Information & Communication technology in the promotion and sustenance of peace on the African continent. 7.Inter-religious conflict as the threat to social development in Africa. 8.Dealing with the demons of Prostitution and Child abuse in Africa. CONFERENCE TRAINING SESSIONS: The Conference will also feature a training session for prospective peace educators in Africa as follows: 1. Peace 100: General introductory lessons for peace in Africa. 2. Peace 101: First lesson for Peace- the ideal of peace. Building a model culture and community of peace and technology for peace in Nigeria. 3.Peace 102: Second lesson for peace-the reality of war. A religious perspective on the origin of war and the contemporary relevance. 4.Peace 103: Third lesson for Peace-the restoration of peace. From an emerging African culture of war and violence to an African culture of peace and social harmony. PARTICIPATION PROCESS: Participation is free and is open to all African youths irrespective of creed, tribe and location. The organizers will provide Break, Lunch and Conference materials at no cost whatsoever to participants for the duration of the Conference. However, participants will pay for the cost of their transportation and accommodation to and from the Conference. Special accommodation arrangements may be made for participants coming from outside of Plateau State and Nigeria. Other details and participation packages can be obtained free of charge from the International Secretariat of the African Christian Youths Development Forum at the following address: Engr. Emmanuel Ande Ivorgba, Conference Organizing Secretary, International Christian youths Conference on Peace (2005), ACYDFORUM International Secretariat, Dadin Kowa Last Gate, P.O.BOX 6545, Jos –Nigeria; Email: firstname.lastname@example.org ; web site www.peaceconference.8m.net
April 11 - 15, 2005 - American Educational Research Association (“AERA”) Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada. Theme: "Demography and Democracy in the Era of Accountability" . The Peace Education Special Interest Group (SIG) provides a forum within AERA for the involvement of individuals drawn together by a common interest in peace education -- teaching, and research. The primary responsibility of the Peace Education SIG to the Association is to maintain a professional support system for its SIG membership consistent with the purpose of the Association as a whole. In this Peace Education SIG symposium, specific peace education problems will be examined by invited guests from a variety of perspectives. Contrasting points of view on peace education are invited in relation to teachers teaching about peace-the challenges of peacemaking, peacebuilding, and peacekeeping in local and international schooling contexts. The symposium will take the form of a panel discussion targeting teaching peace in the schools. Panel members are expected to prepare a commentary paper addressing central questions regarding the teaching of peace in classrooms at home and around the world. The American Educational Research Association includes a membership of educational researchers who seek to enhance their collective knowledge and understanding in ways that can inform educational policy and practice. As a research organization, AERA provides forums for critical self-reflection on the credibility of research claims and plays a leading role in educating and informing the public about educational research, as well as in bringing relevant research-based perspectives to public dialogue about educational issues. The American Educational Research Association (AERA), a professional society that represents more than 23,000 educators who conduct research and evaluation in education, offers a comprehensive program of scholarly publications, training, fellowships, and meetings to disseminate research findings and improve the profession. Founded in 1916, AERA is based in Washington, D.C. The theme for the 2005 AERA Annual Meeting, "Demography and Democracy in the Era of Accountability," is intended to promote such examination from all research paradigms and perspectives. Program organizers welcome the full range of perspectives on these critical issues from researchers in the United States and the larger international community. We are particularly interested in proposals that consider the implications for democratic and emerging democratic societies of research, practice and policy related to quality education and fair assessments for all students. For more information: Please see the AERA website at http://www.aera.net for extensive conference information and instructions for registration. Rosemarie Stallworth-Clark, Ph.D., Program Chair, AERA Peace Education SIG, Associate Professor, Educational Psychology, Department of Curriculum, Foundations, & Research, POB 8144, College of Education, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA 30460; 912-681-5715 (phone); 912-871-4026 (phone); 912-681-5382 (FAX); email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
June 23-26, 2005 - The Transformative Learning Centre (OISE/UT) Summer Institute 2005 is proud to announce the course: African Values, Peace and Reconciliation.
Africa is all too often portrayed in a one-dimensional way as a continent of victims, poverty and continual warfare. In this course we will attempt to gain a more complete picture of the situation and to appreciate the transformative potential that exists. Looking at Africa from an Afrocentric, rather than a Eurocentric perspective, we will examine what has been lost in the historical and contemporary context of slavery, colonialism and economic globalization. Africa has a rich store of values, attitudes and practices conducive to peace and reconciliation. We will critically examine these traditional ideas to look at how they can be integrated with useful modern practices
to make a contribution to a peaceful world. Consistent with the subject matter, the class will make use of practices often excluded from the dominant discourse, for example story-telling, proverbs and music. Course Instructor: Anne Goodman, Ph.D. Course Schedule: Thursday, June 23, 6-9 pm, Friday, June 24, 6-9 pm, Saturday, June 25, 10:00 am-5:00 pm. Sunday, June 26, 10:00 am-5:00 pm, TOTAL HOURS: 20 hours. Place: Transformative Learning Centre, Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, 252 Bloor Street West. Regular Registration Fee (before April 31st): $125 per participant; Late Registration Fee (after May 1st): $175 per participant. Enrolment is limited to 24 participants. For more information about the course, send an email to email@example.com . To register, call 416 923 6641 X 2595 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org
Problem Identification Topics http://www.peace.ca/problem.htm :
Uninspiring and Shocking Quotes http://www.peace.ca/uninspiringquotes.htm :
"American values in action", Secretary of State Colin Powell candidly acknowledging (January 2004) the hope that Tsunami aid might improve the United States' image in the Muslim world. Lets do a comparison:
- Tsunami relief
- Torture and killing of scores of detainees in Guantanamo, Abu Ghraib, etc.
- U.S. Plans Lifetime Detentions with No Trial
- U.S. Troops Kill Civilians in Botched Strikes ("Collateral Damage")
- illegal wars (eg. Iraq)
- use of depleted uranium (see video at http://www.bushflash.com/pl_lo.html - warning: scenes are shocking)
- pre-emptive attack against perceived enemies when perceived in the "National Interest"
- war profiteering http://www.truthout.org/docs_05/010205X.shtml
- blackening of U.S. moral authority around the world
- political attacks of the United Nations
- vote against key international laws, including the International Criminal Court, Nuclear Non-proliferation, etc.
- embracing nuclear proliferation and realpolitiks
- the creation and enforcement of a worldwide "Pax Americana," or American peace (imperialism; global domination)
- U.S. Quietly Tries to Replace U.N. Nuclear Agency Chief and other key U.N. officials
- approve deception as a military tool (eg. psyops, misinformation, lying, etc.) and hence create trust crisis
- meddling, covert and overt influence in other countries, against their wishes
- "stealing" others' resources
- Bush Administration Paid Pundit $240K to Support Law/influence content on his nationally syndicated television show
- $1 million deal with Ketchum that produced "video news releases" designed to look like news reports
- doubts over the 2000 and 2004 election returns
"For now the appalling truth is that there has been no remedy for the documented torture and killing of foreign prisoners by this American government." War Crimes, The Washington Post | Editorial, Thursday 23 December 2004 http://www.truthout.org/docs_04/122404B.shtml
“Bush did confront (Canadian Prime Minister) Martin and used the sort of language that sets Canadians on edge. "He leaned across the table and said, 'I'm not taking this position, but some future president is going to say, 'Why are we paying to defend Canada?' " said the senior Canadian official who was in the room and noted that he had been assured by Rice and Secretary of State Colin L. Powell personally that Bush would avoid the subject.” By Peter Baker, Washington Post Staff Writer, Sunday, January 23, 2005; Page A01
“Every time intellectuals have the chance to speak yet do not speak, they join the forces that train people not to be able to think and imagine and feel in morally and politically adequate ways. When they do not demand that the secrecy that makes elite decisions absolute and unchangeable be removed, they too are part of the passive conspiracy to kill off public scrutiny. When they do not speak, when they do not demand, when they do not think and feel and act as intellectuals – and so as public individuals – they too contribute to the moral paralysis, the intellectual rigidity, that now grip both leaders and led around the world.” C. Wright Mills (1958)
The Alternate News:
BREAKING: Seymour Hersh: U.S. Conducting Secret Missions Inside Iran http://www.truthout.org/docs_05/011705X.shtml
The Coming Wars: What the Pentagon Can Now Do in Secret By Seymour M. Hersh, The New Yorker, 24-31 January 2005 Issue http://www.truthout.org/docs_05/011805A.shtml
War Crimes Judge Sees U.S. Threat to Rule of Law http://www.truthout.org/docs_05/011805D.shtml
Who's Who (World Level) http://www.peace.ca/whoswho.htm :
AfricaFiles www.africafiles.org is a network of volunteers relaying African perspectives and alternative analyses for viable human development in the interest of justice and human rights. AFRICA INFOSERV Information and analytical articles from alternative sources email@example.com . AT ISSUE FORUM: Current hot topics, post your comments firstname.lastname@example.org . ACTION FOCUS; urgent actions; email@example.com. Africafiles, 99 Kimberley Ave Toronto M4E 2Z4 Canada. firstname.lastname@example.org
Information Resources (World Level) http://www.peace.ca/info.htm:
A More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility: Report of the Secretary-General's High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change. On December 2, 2004, the "High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change" http://www.un.org/secureworld/panelmembers.html presented its report to Kofi Annan, the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The Secretary-General appointed 16 panel members in November 2003. Read Report http://www.un.org/secureworld/ . The panel's mandate was to:
Examine today's global threats and provide and analysis of future challenges to international peace and security;
Identify clearly the contribution which collective action can make in addressing these challenges;
Recommend the changes necessary to ensure effective collective action, including but not limited to a review of the principal organs of the United Nations.
Canada has made two submissions to the High-Level Panel:
A thematic non-paper on The Responsibility to Protect http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada_un/HLP_submission-en.asp
A non-paper containing recommendations for strengthening the UN system in a number of key areas http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/cip-pic/library/unhighlevelpanel-en.asp . Canada, as a staunch supporter of the multilateral system was pleased to offer constructive proposals for reform of the UN system, and we welcome the panel's report. Canada Welcomes Report on UN Reform: Prime Minister Paul Martin today congratulated the members of the United Nations High Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change for their report released today in New York on the reform of the United Nations system in the area of international peace and security. Read Prime Minister Martin's Statement http://www.pm.gc.ca/eng/news.asp?id=347
At Home in the World: Canada's Global Vision for the 21st Century, by Jennifer Welsh. "In order for Canada to play a new part on the global stage in the 21st century, we need to shed some of the traditional myths that have dominated our international identity for the past half-century. We should conceive of Canada not in traditional terms, as a middle power, but as a citizen in the world of nation-states. In fact, I believe Canada has the potential to be a model citizen for the 21st century. Both words—"model" and "citizen"—are crucial to my vision. First, the notion of a model suggests a different approach to effecting change. A crucial aspect of Canadian foreign policy today is simply being what we are: a particular, and highly successful, model of liberal democracy." See more detail at http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/canada-magazine/01-title-en.asp
Crucial Conversations: Tools for Talking When Stakes Are High, by Kerry Patterson, Joseph Grenny, Ron McMillan and Al Switzler. Format: Paperback, 256pp. ISBN: 0071401946. Publisher: McGraw-Hill Trade. Pub. Date: June 2002. Retail price US$16.95. A powerful, seven-step approach to handling difficult conversations with confidence and skill. "Crucial" conversations are interpersonal exchanges at work or at home that we dread having but know we cannot avoid. How do you say what needs to be said while avoiding an argument with a boss, child, or relationship partner? Crucial Conversations offers readers a proven seven-point strategy for achieving their goals in all those emotionally, psychologically, or legally charged situations that can arise in their professional and personal lives. Based on the authors' highly popular DialogueSmart training seminars, the techniques are geared toward getting people to lower their defenses, creating mutual respect and understanding, increasing emotional safety, and encouraging freedom of expression. Among other things, readers also learn about the four main factors that characterize crucial conversations, and they get a powerful six-minute mastery technique that prepares them to work through any highimpact situation with confidence. Learn how to keep your cool and get what you want when emotions flare. When stakes are high, opinions vary, and emotions run strong, you have three choices: Avoid a crucial conversation and suffer the consequences; handle the conversation badly and suffer the consequences; or read Crucial Conversations and discover how to communicate best when it matters most. This wise and witty guide gives you the tools you need to step up to life's most difficult and important conversations, say what's on your mind, and achieve positive outcomes that will amaze you. You'll learn how to: Prepare for high-impact situations with a six-minute mastery technique; Make it safe to talk about almost anything; Be persuasive, not abrasive; Keep listening when others blow up or clam up; Turn crucial conversations into the action and results you want. Whether they take place at work or at home, with your neighbors or your spouse, crucial conversations can have a profound impact on your career, your happiness, and your future. With the skills you learn in this book, you'll never have to worry about the outcome of a crucial conversation again. Read Chapter 1 at http://www.leadershipnow.com/leadershop/0194-6excerpt.html . If you liked the book "Difficult Converations", you will love "Crucial Conversations". 5-Star Recommended/Must Reading.
The Best Country: Why Canada Will Lead the Future, by Satya Das. Canadians are characteristically surprised when the United Nations consistently places Canada at or near the top of the list of its annual Human Development Index. They shouldn't be. One of the world's most "spectacularly diverse nations", Canada has much to be proud of, and much to share with the rest of the world. This country is home to a tolerant, multicultural society; to a strong, developed democracy; and to a nation proud of its national and international accomplishments. In his newest book The Best Country - Why Canada Will Lead the Future, acclaimed author Satya Das makes a case for Canadian global leadership, sharing the best of itself with a world that seems to have lost its way. While recognizing Canada's flaws and struggles, The Best Country argues the Canadian experience can be a role-model for the rest of the world. http://www.mastersandscribes.com/item667.htm http://www.cambridgestrategies.com/
The Naked Corporation: How the Age of Transparency Will Revolutionize Business, by Don Tapscott and David Ticoll. If you have to be naked, you had better be buff. We are entering an extraordinary age of transparency, where businesses must for the first time make themselves clearly visible to shareholders, customers, employees, partners, and society. Financial data, employee grievances, internal memos, environmental disasters, product weaknesses, international protests, scandals and policies, good news and bad; all can be seen by anyone who knows where to look. Welcome to the world of the naked corporation. Transparency is revolutionizing every aspect of our economy and its industries and forcing firms to rethink their fundamental values. Don Tapscott, bestselling author and one of the most sought after strategists and speakers in the business world, is famous for seeing into the future and pointing out both its forest and its trees. David Ticoll, visionary researcher, columnist, and consultant, has identified countless breakthrough trends at the intersection of technology and business strategy. These two longtime collaborators now offer a brilliant guide to the new age of openness. In The Naked Corporation, they explain how the new transparency has caused a power shift toward customers, employees, shareholders, and other stakeholders; how and where information has exploded; and how corporations across many industries have seized on transparency not as a challenge but as an opportunity. The Naked Corporation is a book for managers, employees, investors, customers, and anyone who cares about the future of the corporation, government, education and society. A new age is upon us, and you can either work with it and thrive, or fight it and die. http://www.nakedcorporation.com/
Women Waging Peace and International Alert Joint Publication— Inclusive Security, Sustainable Peace: A Toolkit for Advocacy and Action. A resource for women peace builders and practitioners to effectively promote peace and security. Women Waging Peace and International Alert collaborated to produce the Toolkit, which outlines the components of peace building from conflict prevention to post-conflict reconstruction, highlights the role that women play in each phase, and is directed to women peace builders and the policy community. Download the Toolkit: Click on the links at http://www.womenwagingpeace.net/toolkit.asp to download sections of the toolkit. If you would like a hard copy, please email: email@example.com . The main goals of the Toolkit are to:
· overview critical information and strategies for addressing key peace and security issues;
· bridge the divide between the realities of peace activists in conflict, post-conflict, and transition areas, and the international practitioners and policymakers responsible for designing and implementing programs in these contexts;
· present issues in a user-friendly manner and demystify the "policy speak" and terminology used by the international community;
· describe how women are affected by and contribute to peacemaking, peace building, and security processes; and
· highlight practical examples of women's contributions and offer concrete, feasible steps for fostering their empowerment.
A key measure of our success will be the extent to which activists, policymakers, and others use, develop, and take ownership of this resource.
Proposals/Solutions http://www.peace.ca/proposal.htm :
Inspiring Quotes http://www.peace.ca/inspiringquotations.htm :
"Ubuntu", Humanist Declaration - It's a Bantu word we should make our own. It is so rich that linguists call a "crowditude" of other words to the rescue to express its nuances. "Ubuntu" is, in academic terms: "the quality inherent in the fact of being a person with other persons." When he uses it in his autobiography, Nelson Mandela translates it into English as "fellowship," literally camaraderie or, in the context "fellow citizenship." In fact, ubuntu means much more, well beyond that: a way of being human, a way of conducting oneself as a human being, a practice of mutual humanity. Also, far from being simplistic, Mandela's translation is at the heart of South African political invention, that unprecedented response anti-apartheid militants brought to the question every liberation poses: how to live together after hatred, after civil war, after crime against humanity? How to reconnect there where there was nothing but separation? We know their response: by reconciling oneself to the truth. It will soon be ten years ago that the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, chaired by Mgr. Desmond Tutu, was established by the South African Constitutive Assembly in 1995. Its power: to bestow individual amnesty, case by case, in exchange for complete revelation of their crimes, to the authors of serious violations of human rights associated with a political objective. No vengeance, no reprisals, but no oblivion, no getting off, no concealment. "Facing up" says the 1993 South African Provisional Constitution, to "a heritage of hatred, of fear" on the basis of a "need for ubuntu and not victimization." By Edwy Plenel, Le Monde http://www.truthout.org/docs_05/010105H.shtml
List Servers http://www.peace.ca/usergroup.htm :
We are delighted to send you the second issue of our newsletter on the International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World (2001-2010). This issue's theme is "Gender and a Culture of Peace", referring directly to one of the action areas of the Declaration and Programme of Action for a Culture of Peace, namely "Actions to ensure equality between women and men". The newsletter is available in both English and French - you can consult both versions via our website: the English one is available via http://www3.unesco.org/iycp/Newsletter/News02_en.pdf , and the French one can be found at http://www3.unesco.org/iycp/Newsletter/News02_fr.pdf . We would also like to remind you that registered Culture of Peace actors can disseminate information on their Culture of Peace-related projects and events via our website ( www.unesco.org/cp ). Please let us know whether you require any information about your "actor's account". In the meantime, we hope that the articles provide you with useful and encouraging insight, and we wish you happy New Year and great success in your work towards the objectives of the International Decade! Yours faithfully, Aurore Salinas, Culture of Peace Coordination, Coordination Culture de la Paix, UNESCO - BSP/PMR, 7, Place de Fontenoy, F - 75352 Paris 07 SP, Tel: 33 (0)1 45 68 13 49, Fax: 33 (0)1 45 68 55 57; firstname.lastname@example.org ; http://www.unesco.org/cp ; http://www.unesco.org/manifesto2000
The Human Security Bulletin http://www.humansecuritybulletin.info/November_2004/Home/en/ is the flagship publication of the Canadian Consortium on Human Security (CCHS) http://www.humansecurity.info/ . As a core part of the CCHS mandate to facilitate the exchange of information and analysis, the Bulletin features timely, informed and concise information and analysis on human security issues.
Canadian International Policy newsletters, from the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Development Canada http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/cip-pic/library/subscription-en.asp . The Canadian International Policy Web site http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/cip-pic/menu-en.asp is designed to provide information, views, and analysis on the key issues that touch on Canada's role in the international community. It describes the foundations of Canada's international policy and provides you with insights into new policy thinking.
See the following new reports posted on our web site:
Canadian Culture of Peace Program web site (temporary URL) http://www.peace.ca/canadiancultureofpeaceprogram.htm
Questions? contact Bob Stewart at email@example.com
We are hosting 2 major upcoming events:
Canadian Culture of Peace Program Stakeholders Workshop March 14-15, 2005 http://www.peace.ca/canadiancultureofpeaceprogram.htm at University of Alberta, Edmonton.
Fourth Annual Peace Education Conference in Canada November 24 - 28, 2005 http://www.peace.ca/CanadianAgenda2004.htm at McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario.