Research Team | Terrorism & Humiliation


Refugees & Humiliation:
How Dignity is Degraded When You Are a Refugee, or a Displaced or Stateless Person

This is a large research project with 18 research teams of young scholars and their academic advisors, that was planed to be conducted in cooperation with the United Nations University. However, due to lack of funding, much of this research could not yet be realized. So far, Mari Otterlei Blikom has carried out her planned research, and Katrine Fangen is continuously working on her research.

For all the other projects that you see listed further down, we are currently looking for funding, and kindly encourage foundations and donors to consider funding this research, either as a whole, or in parts. We are grateful for your support and advice!

Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of 1948 states that 'all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.'
In this research project we ask: What happens when rights and dignity are violated? What are the long-term effects? What is, for example, the long-term effect on people who are born, live and die as refugees, in refugee camps? What are the inter-generational effects? How are second and third generation refugees affected?

The original plan for the end product was to produce an edited book, Refugees and Humiliation, which was envisaged to be finished within a biannual time frame, with the following contents:
a) conceptual chapters
b) cases provided by our research teams (already with relevance to policy)
c) a policy brief that summarises the insights.

Please see here a longer, more comprehensive version of this page.

•  Research Host & Management
•  Research Team
• 
Projects
• 
Material & Links


 

Research Host & Managemet

Evelin Gerda Lindner, M.D., Ph.D. (Dr. med.), Ph.D. (Dr. psychol.)
Founding Manager of Human Dignity and Humiliation Studies (HumanDHS)

Paul A. Stokes, Ph.D., College Lecturer
Department of Sociology at the National University of Ireland, Dublin

Linda Hartling, Ph.D., Associate Director
Jean Baker Miller Training Institute, Wellesley College, Boston, USA

Moira R. Rogers, Ph.D., Associate Professor
Department of Language and Literature, EMU, Virginia, USA

Maggie O'Neill, Lecturer
Criminology and Social Policy at Loughborough University, UK

Alicia Cabezudo, Professor and Peace / Human Rights Educator
Educating Cities Latin America

Barbara Harrell-Bond, Professor
Forced Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University in Cairo, Egypt

Trevor L. Ballance, Lecturer and Researcher
Josai International University, Japan

Jack A. Goldstone, Professor
George Mason University School of Public Policy, kindly offers to help us present our research, when it is finished, in the Washington area

See pictures of meetings


 

Research Team

•  General HumanDHS
•  Academic Advisors
•  Refugees and Humiliation Project (alphabetical)
•  Terrorism and Humiliation Project (alphabetical)


 

Projects

 

Dignity-Humiliation in the Case of Internally Displaced Persons in Latin America: The Examples of Colombia, Guatemala, Peru and Mexico

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Juan Alvarez Vita (Ambassador of Peru and Professor of Public International Law)
•  Abdeljalil Akkari (Professor, Director of Research at the Higher Pedagogical Institute HEP-BEJUNE in Bienne, Switzerland)
and
•  Tzvetelina Tzoneva
and
•  Mercedes Gonzales St. Elin

 

 

Understanding the Lives of Refugees Living in Exile: A Core Social Motive Approach

Otterlei Blikom, Mari (2006)
Understanding the Lives of Refugees Living in Exile: A Core Social Motive Approach
Master Thesis, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), 7491 Trondheim, Norway.

 

•  Abstract

•  Researchers:

•  Mons Bendixen (Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim)
and
•  Mari Otterlei Blikom

 

 

An Existential Discourse Analysis of Humiliation as Reported by Iraqi Refugees in the UK and Denmark

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Richard Burns (MSc in Applied Psychology at Manchester University)
•  Martin Farrell (Ph.D. from the University of Strathclyde in 1993, lecturer at the Department of Psychology, University of Manchester, since 1997)
•  Ivan Leuder (Ph.D., Manchester University, UK)
and
•  Espen Sivertsen
•  Jacqueline Hayes
•  Peter Mosely
•  Johanna Turner Baker
•  Alex Dawson

 

 

Humiliation and Human Strength: Stories of African-Spanish Migrations

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Moira Rogers (Ph.D., Principal Investigator, Project Coordinator, Associate Professor, Department of Language and Literature, Eastern Mennonite University, EMU, Virginia, USA)
•  Nancy Good Sider (Ph.D., Project Consultant, Graduate Faculty, Conflict Transformation, Eastern Mennonite University, EMU, Virginia, USA)
•  Andrea Enders (German Journalist, fluent in English, Spanish, Italian, French)
•  Esperanza Moreno (BA, Justice Peace and Conflict Studies, fluent in Spanish, experience in work with displaced women, Colombia and Venezuela)
•  Laura Schildt (MA, Center for Justice and Peacebuilding, Eastern Mennonite University, EMU, fluent in Spanish and English, experience in community development, Mexico)
•  Federico Laggi (MA, Development Studies, fluent in English, French, Italian, Spanish, Camp Manager of the UNHCR D’Jabal Refugee Camp for the Italian NGO INTERSOS (2004); currently Italy-Morocco Remittances Corridor Project Analyst)
•  Tobias Pechmann (Student in International Politics, University of Marburg, fluent in German and English, Photographer)

 

 

Refugees and Humiliation: The Legacy of Violence and Inaction in the Great Lakes Region. The Uganda-Rwanda Scenario

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Brenes Abelardo (Ph.D., Director of the M.A. Programme in Peace Education at the University for Peace in San José, Costa Rica)
•  Alicia Cabezudo (Director, Educating Cities Latin America, International Relations Bureau, Municipality of Rosario, Argentina)
•  Antony Jenkins (Peace Education Center, Teachers College, Columbia University, NY)
and
•  Alphonse Nshimiyimana
•  Onen Christine Harriet
•  Veronica Pacini

 

Afro-Hitlerism: History of Cultural Humiliation in the Great-Lakes

 

•  Summary

•  Researcher:

•  Raïs Neza Boneza (Norway/ Democratic Republic of Congo [Ex-Zaire]), BA in Social Sciences, MA of Humanities, Author and Poet. The title of his project is Afro-Hitlerism: Historic of Cultural Humiliation in the Great-Lakes)

 

 

Refugees’ Psychological Functioning in Cameroon: The Case of Chadian or Central African Adults of Yaoundé

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Van der Linden (Professor, Department of Cognitive Psychopathology, University of Geneva, Switzerland)
and
•  Tsempzang Simplice

 

 

The Dual Humiliation of Female Refugees by Sexually Violent, Gender-Based Acts

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Linda Hartling (Ph.D., Stone Centre, Wellesley College for Women, USA)
and
•  Miriam H. Marton

 

 

Resilience, Humiliation and Adulthood Sexual Abuse: Understanding the Psychology of Violence among Sudanese Refugees living in Uganda

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Alicia Cabezudo (Director, Educating Cities Latin America, International Relations Bureau, Municipality of Rosario, Argentina)
and
•  Alyi Patrick Lalur

 

 

Refugees from the Great Lakes Region of Central Africa & Humiliation

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Vernon Jantzi (Ph.D., is a Professor of Sociology at the Conflict Transformation Program at Eastern Mennonite University, Virginia, USA)
•  Chantal Logan (Ph.D., is an Associate Professor at the Eastern Mennonite University, Virginia, USA)
and
Jean Berchmans Ndayizigiye

 

 

Iraqi Refugees in Syria and Jordan & Humiliation (pending funding!)

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Jayne Seminare Docherty (Ph.D., Associate Professor of Conflict Studies Conflict Transformation Program, Eastern Mennonite University, Virginia, USA)
•  Howard Zehr (Ph.D., Professor of Sociology and Restorative Justice, Co-Director of the Conflict Transformation Program, Eastern Mennonite University, Virginia, USA)
and
• Manas Ghanem

 

 

African Refugees and Humiliation: Comparative Study on Refugees in Africa and in Europe

 

• Summary

•  Researchers:

•  François Audigier (Professor, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology at the University of Geneva, Switzerland)
and
Jean-Damascène Gasanabo

 

 

Frustration, Humiliation and Psycho-Social Suffering of Rwandan Refugees in Africa and Europe

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Pierre Dasen (Professor of Anthropology of Education and Cross-Cultural Psychology at the Faculty of Psychology and Education of the University of Geneva, Switzerland)
and
•  Théogène-Octave Gakuba
•  Egide Rwamatwara

 

 

Afghan Refugees in the United States: Before and After September 11th

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Alicia Cabezudo (Director, Educating Cities Latin America, International Relations Bureau, Municipality of Rosario, Argentina)
and
Sadaf Rassoul Cameron

 

 

Refugees in South Asia & Humiliation

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Richard Alapack (Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Psychology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Norway)
and
Zahid Shahab Ahmed

 

 

Immigrants, Refugees in West Africa & Humiliation

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Williams R. O’Neill (Ph.D., Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley, USA)
and
Victor Boudjou Adangba

 

 

Humiliation Policies Applied to Persecuted Individuals, Detainees and Refugees During the Period 1975/1983 in Rosario, Argentina

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Rubén A. Chababo (Literature Professor, Assistant Professor of Nineteenth Century Argentine Literature at the Humanities and Arts School of Rosario, and a Literature Professor at Bialik Institute in Rosario, Director of the Museo de la Memoria (Museum of Memory) in the city of Rosario, pertaining to a branch of the Secretary of Culture of the Municipality of Rosario, which is the first governmental institution devoted to reconstructing and safekeeping the memory of the recent past linked to the last military dictatorship, in power from 1976 to 1983)
•  Sandra Helena Cachenot (Psychologist)
and
•  Coordinator of Research Team: Marcela Valdata
•  Team Members: Advanced Undergraduate Students: María Laura Salafia, Delia Natalia Urquiza, Jorgelina Gabriela Almeida, Juan Manuel Walmaggia
Graduate: Ceferino Roque Moreira

 

 

A Qualitative Study on the Sri Lankan Tamil Refugees Living in Camps in Tamil Nadu on the Humiliation That They Face

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Rev. Fr. Joseph Xavier (PhD., Former Principal, Loyola College, Chennai, India)
and
Florina Benoit
•  G. Gladston Xavier

 

Humiliation, Conflict Escalation and Terrorism in Post-Saddam Iraq: A Case Study of the Baghdad University Fallujah Refugee Camp

 

•  Summary

•  Researchers:

•  Linda Hartling (Ph.D., Stone Centre, Wellesley College for Women, USA)
and
•  Victoria Fontan

 

Refugees in Kenya and the Phenomenon of Humiliation

 

•  Summary

•  Researcher:

•  Michael Roper, Sociology Department, University of Essex, UK
•  Ana Ljubinkovic

 

 

Humiliation as Experienced by Somali Immigrants in Norway

 

•  Summary

•  Researcher:

•  Katrine Fangen